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Kosakowska Karolina A, Grayson Scott M.  “Star-shaped amphiphilic polymers as soluble carriers for drug delivery”, in Handbook of Materials for Nanomedicine 2019, submitted

Haque, Farihah M.; Grayson, Scott M. “Cyclic polymers: Unique properties and potential applications” Nature Chemistry 2019, in press

Haque, Farihah M.; Schexnayder, Ca’ra M.; Matxain, Jon M.; Barroso-Bujans, Fabienne; Grayson, Scott M. “A MALDI-ToF MS study of macrocyclic polyethers generated by electrophilic zwitterionic ring expansion polymerization of monosubstituted epoxides with B(C5F6)3. Macromolecules 2019, in press

Mao, Jialin; Zhang, Boyu; Zhang, Hong; Elupula, Ravinder; Grayson, Scott M.; Wesdemiotis, Chrys. “Elucidating branching topology and branch lengths in star-branched polymers by tandem mass spectrometry”  J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2019, 30, in press

Chandrasiria, I., Abebe, D. G.; Gupta, S.; Williams, J. S. D.; Rieger, W. D.; Simms, B. L.; Noh, Y.; Payne, M. E.; Fortenberry, A.; Smith, A.; Lee, B.; Grayson, S. M.; Schneider, G. J.; Watkins, D. L. “Synthesis and characterization of PAMAM-polylactide ‘Janus-type’ linear-dendritic hybrids” Polym. Chem. 2019, 57, 1448-1459.

Gartner, Thomas E.; Haque, Farihah M.; Gomi, Aila M.; Grayson, Scott M.; Hore, Michael J. A.; Jayaraman, Arthi. “Scaling exponent and effective interaction in linear and cyclic polymer solutions: Theory, simulations, and experiments.”  Macromolecules 2019, 52, 4579-4589.

Sun, Haotian; Haque Farihah M.; Zhang, Yi; Commiso, A.; Mohamed, Mohamed A.; Tsianou, Marina; Cui, Honggang; Grayson, Scott M.; Cheng, Chong “Linear-dendritic alternating multiblock copolymers” Angew. Chem. 2019, 58, 10572-10576.


Kosakowska, Karolina A., Casey, Brittany K., Kurtz, Samantha L., Lawson, Louise B., Grayson Scott M.  “Evaluation of amphiphilic star/linear-dendritic polymer reverse micelles for transdermal drug delivery: directing carrier properties by tailoring core-vs-peripheral branching.”  Biomacromolecules 2018, 19, 3163-3176,

Kosakowska, Karolina A., Casey, Brittany K., Albert, Julie N. L., Wang, Yang, Ashbaugh Henry S., Grayson Scott M.  “Synthesis and self-assembly of amphiphilic star/linear-dendritic polymers: effect of core-vs-peripheral branching on reverse micelle aggregation.”  Biomacromolecules 2018, 19, 3177-3189,

Payne, Molly E.; Grayson, Scott M. “Characterization of synthetic polymers via matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry” J. Vis. Exp. 2018, 136, e57174 doi:10.3791/57174

Felder, Simcha E.; Redding, McKenna J.; Noel, Amandine; Grayson, Scott M.; Wooley, Karen L. “Organocatalyzed ROP of a glucopyranoside derived 5-membered cyclic carbonate” Macromolecules  2018, 51, 1787-1797.

Giesen, Joseph A.; Diament, Benjamin, J.; Grayson, Scott M. “Iodine-containing mass-defect-tuned dendrimers for use as internal mass spectrometry calibrants” J. Am. Soc. Mass. Spectrom. 2018, 29, 490-500.


Kelly, Giovanni M.; Haque, Farihah M.; Grayson, Scott M.; Albert, Julie, N. L. “Suppression of melt-induced dewetting in cyclic poly(-caprolactone) thing films” Macromolecules 2017, 50, 9852-9856.

Bentz, Kyle C.; Ejaz, Muhammad; Arencibia, Scarlett; Sultan, N.; Grayson, Scott M.; Savin, Daniel A. “Hollow amphiphilic crosslinked nanocapsules from sacrificial silica nanoparticles templates and their application as dispersants for oil spill remediation” Polym. Chem. 2017, 8, 5129-5138.

Haque, Farihah M.; Alegria, Angel; Grayson, Scott M.; Barroso-Bujans, Fabienne “Detection, quantification and ‘click’ scavenging of impurities in cyclic poly(glycidyl phenyl ether) obtained by zwitterionic ring-expansion polymerization with B(C6F5)3” Macromolecules 2017, 50, 1870-1881.

Kosakowska, Karolina A.; Dimitrov, Phillip; Panambur, Gangadhar; Grayson, Scott M. “MALDI-TOF MS investigation of the unconventional termination of living polyoxazoline with ammonia).” J. Polym. Sci. A: Polym. Chem. 2017, 55, 1303-1312.

Zhang, Lanhe; Elupula, Ravinder; Grayson, Scott M.; Torkelson, John M. “Suppression of the fragility-confinement effect via low molecular weight cyclic polymer topology” Macromolecules 2017, 50, 1147-1154.

Weiss, Ryan M.; Li, Jian; Liu, Han H.; Washington, Michael A.; Giesen, Joseph A.; Grayson, Scott M.; Meyer Tara Y. “Determining sequence fidelity in repeating sequence poly(lactic-co-glycolic acids).” Macromolecules 2017, 50, 550-560.


Puli, Venkata S.; Ejaz, Muhammad; Elupula, Ravinder; Kothakonda, Manish; Adireddy, Shiva; Katiyar, Ram S.; Grayson, Scott M.; Chrisey, Douglas B. “Core-shell structured barium zirconium titanate barium calcium titanate-poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposites for dielectric storage capacitors.” Polymer 2016, 105, 35-42.

Sharma, Arjun; Liu, Lixin; Parameswaran, Sreeja; Grayson, Scott M.; Ashbaugh, Henry S.; Rick, Steven W. “Design of amphiphilic polymers via molecular dynamics simulations.” J. Phys. Chem. B  2016, 120, 10603-10610.

Elupula, Ravinder; Oh, Joonsuk; Haque, Farihah M.; Chang, Taihyun; Grayson, Scott M. “Determining the origins of impurities during azide-alkyne click cyclization of polystyrene.” Macromolecules 2016, 49, 4369-4372.

Li, Zhaolei; Wang, Jing; Pérez-Camargo, Ricardo A.; Müller, Alejandro J.; Zhang, Boyu; Grayson, Scott M.; Hu, Wenbing “Non-monotonic molecular weight dependence of crystallization rates of linear and cyclic poly(-caprolactone)s in a wide temperature range” Polymer International 2016, 65, 1074-1079.

Lopez, Juan V.; Pérez-Camargo, Ricardo A.; Zhang, Boyu; Grayson, Scott M.; Müller, Alejandro J. “The influence of small amounts of linear polycaprolactone chains on the crystallization of cyclic analogue molecules” RSC Advances 2016, 6, 48049-48063.

Cremaldi, Joseph; Ejaz, Muhammad; Oak, Shrevas; Holleran, Mary K.; Roberts, Katherine; Cheng, Guanggui; Wang, Ying; Grayson, Scott M.; John, Vijay; Pesika, Noshir “Polymer coated hard carbon microspheres at an oil/water interface” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2016, 470, 31-38.

Ejaz, Muhammad; Alb, Alina M.; Grayson, Scott M. “Amphiphilic hyperbranched polyglycerol-block-polycaprolactone copolymer-grafted nanoparticles with improved encapsulation properties” React. Func. Polym. 2016, 102, 39-46.

Zhang, Lanhe; Elupula, Ravinder; Grayson, Scott M.; Torkelson, John M. “Major impact of cyclic chain topology on the Tg-confinement effect of supported thin films of polystyrene.” Macromolecules 2016, 49, 257-268.


Duran-Lara, Esteban F.; Fang, Yunlan; Godbey, W T.; Marican, Adolfo; Santos, Leonardo S.; Grayson, Scott M. "Investigation of lysine functionalized dendrimers as dichlorvos detoxification agents." Biomacromolecules, 2015, 16,

Ejaz, Muhammad; Alb, Alina M.; Kosakowska, Karolina, A.; Grayson, Scott M. "Silica nanoparticles with amphiphilic polymer grafts: stable 'nanoparticle micelles' for encapsulation of hydrophobic guests." Polymer Chemistry, 2015, 6,

Riggs, Brian C.; Elupula, Ravinder; Rehm, Carolyn; Adireddy, Shiva; Grayson, Scott M.; Chrisey, Douglas B. "Click in ferroelectronic nanoparticles for dielectric storage." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2015, 7, 17819-17825.

Foley, Casey D.; Zhang, Boyu; Alb, Alina M.; Trimpin, Sarah; Grayson, Scott M. "The use of ion mobility spectrometry-mass spectrometry to elucidate architectural dispersity within star polymers." ACS Macro Letters 2015, 4, 778-782.

Cortez, M. A.; Godbey, W T.; Fang, Y.; Payne, M. E.; Cafferty, B. J.; Kosakowska, K. A.; Grayson, S. M. "The synthesis of cyclic poly(ethylene imine) and exact linear analogs: an evaluation of gene delivery comparing polymer architectures." J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 6541-6549.

Boertz, J.; Grayson, S. M. Malkoch, M.  "SpheriCal® - Monodisperse polyester dendrimers as universal mass calibrants in MALDI-mass spectrometry." Analytix 2015, 2, 16-17.

Wang, Jing; Li, Zhaolei; Perez, Ricardo A.; Muller, Alejandro J.; Zhang, Boyu; Grayson, Scott M.; Hu, Wenbing "Comparing crystallization rates between linear and cyclic poly(e-caprolactones) via fast-scan chip calorimeter measurements." Polymer  2015 63, 34-40.

Ejaz, Muhammad; Puli, Venkata S.; Elupula, Ravinder; Adireddy, Shive; Riggs, Brian C.; Chrisey, Douglas B.; Grayson, Scott M. "Core-shell structured poly(glycidyl methacrylates)/BaTiO3 nanocomposites prepared by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization: A novel material for high energy density dielectric storage." J. Polym. Sci. A.; Polym. Chem. 2015, 53,719-728.

**Featured front cover for the 15th of March 2015 issue

Xu, Zejing,; Li, Yejia; Zhang, Boyu; Purkait, Tapas; Alb, Alina; Mitchell, Brian S.; Grayson, Scott M.; Fink, Mark "Water-soluble PEGylated silicon nanoparticles and their assembly into swellable nanoparticle arrays" Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2015, 11, 56.


Adireddy, Shiva; Puli, Venkata S.; Sklare, Samuel C.; Lou, Tiffany J.; Riggs, Brian C.; Elupula, Ravinder; Grayson, Scott M.; Chrisey, Douglas B.  "PVDF-BaSrTiO3 nanocomposites for flexible electrical energy storage devices." Emerging Mater. Res. 2014 e-published.

Riggs, Brian C.; Elupula, Ravinder; Grayson, Scott M.; Chrisey, Douglas B. "Photonic curing of aromatic thiol-ene click dielectric capacitors via inkjet printing." J. Mater. Chem A, 2014, 2, 17380-17386.

Perez, Ricardo A.; Lopez, Juan V.; Hoskins, Jessica N.; Zhang, B.; Grayson, Scott M.; Casas, Maria T.; Puiggali, J.; Muller, Alejandro J. “Nucleation and antinucleation effects of functionalized carbon nanotubes on cyclic and linear poly(ε-caprolactones)” Macromolecules, 2014, 47, 3553-3566. DOI: 10.1021/ma5005869  (pdf link)

Puli, Venkata S.; Elupula, Ravinder, Riggs, Brian C.; Grayson, Scott M.; Katiyar, Ram S.; Chrisey, Doug B. “Surface modified BaTiO3-polystyrene nanocomposites for energy storage.” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 2014, 11, 910-920.  DOI: 10.1039/C4CC01372G

Liu, L.; Parameswaran, S.; Sharma, A.; Grayson, S. M.; Ashbaugh, H. S.; Rick, S. W. “Molecular dynamics simulations of linear and cyclic amphiphilic polymers in aqueous and organic environments” J. Phys Chem B. 2014, 118, 6491-6497.  DOI: 10.1021/jp412184h  (pdf link)

Sreerama, Subramanya, G.; Elupula, R.; Laurent, Boyd A.; Zhang, B.; Grayson, Scott M. “Use of MALDI-ToF MS to elucidate the structure of oligomeric impurities formed during ‘click’ cyclization of polystyrene” React. Func. Polym. 2014, 80, 83-94 (special issue on cyclic polymers)  DOI: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2014.01.013 (pdf link)

Pérez, Richardo A.; Córdova, Miguel E.; López, J.; Hoskins, Jessica N.; Zhang, Boyu; Grayson, Scott M.; Müller, Alejandro J. “Nucleation, crystallization, self-nucleation and thermal fractionation of cyclic and linear poly(ε -caprolactone)s” React. Func. Polym. 2014, 80, 71-82. (special issue on cyclic polymers) DOI: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2013.10.013 (pdf link)

Ejaz, Muhammad.; Rai, Satish C.; Wang Kai; Zhang, Karen; Zhou, Weilie; Grayson, Scott M. “Surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization of glycidyl methacrylate and styrene from boron nitride nanotubes.” J. Mater. Chem. C.  2014, 2, 4073-4079. DOI: 10.1039/C3TC32511C (pdf link)

Zhang, Boyu; Zhang, Hong; Myers, Brittany M.; Elupula, Ravinder; Jayawickramarajah, Janarthanan; Grayson, Scott M. “Determination of polyethylene glycol end group functionalities by combination of selective reactions and characterization by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry.” Anal. Chim. Acta. 2014, 816, 28-40.  DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2014.01.039 (pdf link)

Zhang, Hong; Zhang, Boyu; Zhu, M.; Grayson, Scott M.; Schmehl, R. H.; Jayawickramarajah, Janarthanan. “Water-soluble porphyrin nanospheres: enhanced photo-physical properties via cyclodextrin driven double self-inclusion.” Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 4853-4855.  DOI:10.1039/C4CC01372G (pdf link)

Zhang, Boyu; Zhang, Hong; Elupula, Ravinder, Alb, Alina M.; Grayson, Scott M. “Efficient Synthesis of High Purity Homo-arm and Mikto-arm Poly(ethylene Glycol) Stars Using Epoxide and Azide-Alkyne Coupling Chemistry” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 2014, 35, 146-151 DOI: 10.1002/marc.201300623 (pdf link)

Grayson, Scott M.; Myers, Brittany K.; Bengtsson, Jonas; Malkoch, Michael  “Advantages of Monodisperse and Chemically Robust “SpheriCal” Polyester Dendrimers as a “Universal” MS Calibrant. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2014, 25, 303-309: DOI: 10.1007/s13361-013-0777-8  (pdf link)

*Featured front cover for March 2014 issue

Myers, Brittany K.; Zhang, Boyu; Lapucha, Joanna E.; Grayson, Scott M. “The Characterization of Dendronized Poly(ethylene Glycol)s and Poly(ethylene Glycol) Multiarm Stars Using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry.” Anal. Chim. Acta, 2014, 808, 175-189.  DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2013.09.038 (pdf link)

Wang, Yi; Alb, Alina O.; He, Jibao; Grayson, Scott M.”Neutral Amphiphilic Linear Homopolymers Prepared by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization” Polym. Chem., 2014, 5, 622-629.  DOI: 10.1039/C3PY00916E (pdf link)


Zhang, B.; Zhang, H.; Li, Y.; Hoskins, J. N.; Grayson, S. M. “Exploring the Effect of Amphiphilic Polymer Architecture: Synthesis, Characterization, and Self-Assembly of Both Cyclic and Linear Poly(ethylene gylcol)-b-polycaprolactone.” ACS Macro Lett. 2013, 2, 845–848. (pdf link)

Myers, B. M., Lapucha, J. E.; Grayson, S. M. “Synthesis and MALDI-ToF characterization of dendronized poly(ethylene glycol)s.”  Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. 2013, 49, 45-55.

Ejaz, M.; Sunkara, B.; Kamboj, L.; He, J.; John, V. T.; Pesika, N. S.; Grayson, S. M. “Facile one-pot method of initiator fixation for surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization on carbon hard spheres.”  J. Polym. Sci. Part -Polym. Chem. 2013, 51, 3314–3322.  (pdf link)

Su, H.-H.; Chen, H.-L.; Diaz, A.; Teresa Casas, M.; Puiggali, J.; Hoskins, J. N.; Grayson, S. M.; Perez, R. A.; Mueller, A. J. “New insights on the crystallization and melting of cyclic PCL chains on the basis of a modified Thomson-Gibbs equation.” Polymer 2013, 54, 846–859. (pdf link)

Yol, A. M.; Dabney, D. E.; Wang, S.-F.; Laurent, B. A.; Foster, M. D.; Quirk, R. P.; Grayson, S. M.; Wesdemiotis, C. “Differentiation of Linear and Cyclic Polymer Architectures by MALDI Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-MS2).” J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2013, 24, 74–82.  (pdf link)


Grayson, S. M.  “A Simple Visualization of Double Bond Properties: Chemical Reactivity and UV Fluorescence.” J. Chem. Educ. 2012, 89, 925–927. (pdf link)

Wang, Y.; Grayson, S. M.  “Approaches for the preparation of non-linear amphiphilic polymers and their applications to drug delivery.”  Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 2012, 64, 852–865.  (pdf link)

Li, Y.; Zhang, B.; Hoskins, J. N.; Grayson, S. M. “Synthesis, purification, and characterization of ‘perfect’ star polymers via ‘Click’ coupling.”  J. Polym. Sci. Part -Polym. Chem. 2012, 50, 1086–1101.
(pdf link)

Laurent, B. A.; Grayson, S. M.  “Synthesis of cyclic amphiphilic homopolymers and their potential application as polymeric micelles.” Polym. Chem. 2012, 3, 1846–1855. (pdf link)

Ejaz, M.; Yu, H.; Yan, Y.; Blake, D. A.; Ayyala, R. S.; Grayson, S. M.  “Evaluation of redox-responsive disulfide cross-linked poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) hydrogels.” Polymer 2011, 52, 5262–5270.
(pdf link)

Eugene, Dawanne M.; Grayson, Scott M. "Unimolecular Micelles for Drug Delivery"  in Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry, Atwood, J. L; Steed, J. W.; Wallace, K. J., Eds.; Taylor and Francis; New York (in press).

Hoskins, Jessica N. Grayson, Scott M. "Architectural Differentiation of Linear and Cyclic Polymeric Isomers by Ion Mobility Spectrometry-Mass Spectrometry"  Macromolecules. 2011, 44, 6915-6918. (pdf link)

Laurent, Boyd A.; Grayson, Scott M. "Synthesis of Cyclic Dendronized Polymers via Divergent "Graft-from" and Convergent Click "Graft-to" Routes: the Preparation of Modular Toroidal Macromolecules" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 13421-13429. (pdf link)

Li, Yejia; Giles, Marco D.; Liu, Simin; Laurent, Boyd A.; Hoskins, Jessica N.; Cortez, Mallory A.; Sreerama, Subramanya G.; Gibb, Bruce, C.; Grayson, Scott M.  "A Versatile and Modular Approach to Functionalisation of Deep-cavity Cavitands via “Click” Chemistry"Chem. Commun., 2011, 9036-9038. (pdf link)

Elupula, Ravinder; Laurent, Boyd A. Grayson Scott M. “Cyclic Polymers” in Synthesis of Polymers", Schlüter, A. D.; Hawker, C. J.; Sawamoto, J., Eds.; Wiley VCH, 2011

Poree, Dawanne E.; Giles, Marco D.; Lawson, Louise B.; He, Jibao; Grayson, Scott M. "Synthesis of Amphiphilic Block Copolymers and their Evaluation as Transdermal Carriers"Biomacromolecules, 2011, 12, 898-906. (pdf link)

Córdova, Miguel E.; Lorenzo, Arnaldo T.; Müller, Alejandro J.; Hoskins, Jessica N.; Grayson, Scott M.  "A Comparative Study on the Crystallization Behavior of Analogous Linear and Cyclic Poly(e-Caprolactones)" Macromolecules 2011, 44, 1742-1746. (pdf link)

Hoskins, Jessica N. Grayson, Scott M. "Cyclic Polyesters: Synthetic Approaches and Potential Applications".  Polym. Chem. 2011, 2, 289-299. (pdf link)

Cortez, Mallory A.; Grayson Scott M.  "Application of Time Dependent MALDI-TOF Mass Spectral Analysis to Elucidate Chain Transfer Mechanism during Cationic Polymerization of Oxazoline Monomers Containing Thioethers"  Macromolecules, 2010, 43, 10152-10156. (pdf link)

Li, Y.; Hoskins, J. N.; Sreerama, S. G.; Grayson S. M.  "MALDI-TOF MS Characterization of Polymers Containing an Azide Group: Evidence for Metastable Ions"Macromolecules, 2010, 41, 6225-6228. (pdf link)

Li, Y.; Hoskins, J. N.; Sreerama, S. G.; Grayson, M. A.; Grayson, S. M.  "The Identification of Synthetic Homopolymer End Groups and Verification of their Transformations Using MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry". J. Mass Spectrom. 2010, 45, 587-611. (pdf link)

Cortez, M. A.; Grayson S. M.  "The Thiolene Click Functionalization and Subsequent Polymerization of 2-Oxazoline Monomers"Macromolecules, 2010, 43, 4081-4090. (pdf link)

Grayson, S. M.; Gibb, B. C.  "Dendronized Cavitands: A Step towards a Synthetic Viral Capsid?"  Soft Matter, 2010, 6, 1377-1382.  (pdf link)

Hoskins, J. N.; Grayson, S. M.  "Synthesis and Degradation Behavior of Cyclic Poly(e-Caprolactone)" Macromolecules, 2009, 42, 6406-6413. (pdf link)

Laurent, Boyd A.; Grayson, Scott M.  "Synthetic Approaches for the Preparation of Cyclic Polymers"Chem. Soc. Rev. 2009, 38, 2202-2213. (pdf link)

Grayson, Scott M. "Polymer Kept in the Loop" (News and Views) Nature Chemistry, 2009, 1, 178-179. (pdf link)

Giles, Marco D.; Liu, Simin; Emanuel, Roy L.; Gibb, Bruce, C.; Grayson, Scott M.  "Divergent Dendronization of Deep-Cavity Cavitands to Tune Host Solubility"Israel J. Chem. 2009, 49, 31-40.
Giles, Marco D.; Liu, Simin; Emanuel, Roy L.; Gibb, Bruce C.; Grayson, Scott M.  "Dendronized Supramolecular Nano-capsules: pH Independent, Water-Soluble Deep Cavity Cavitands Assemble via the Hydrophobic Effect."  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 14430-14431. (pdf link)

Eugene, Dawanne M.; Grayson, Scott M.  "Efficient Preparation of Cyclic Poly(methylacrylate)-block-Poly(styrene) by Combination of Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization and Click Cyclization." Macromolecules 2008, 41, 5082-5084.  (pdf link)

Grayson, Scott M.; Godbey, W T.  "The Role of Macromolecular Architecture in Passively Targeted Polymer Carriers for Drug and Gene Delivery." J. Drug Targeting 2008, 15, 529-553.

Grayson, Scott M.; Laurent, Boyd A.; Eugene, Dawanne M. “Cyclic Styrenes as Substrates for Unimolecular Micelles”  in Polymers for Biomedical Applications", Kulshrestha, A. S. and Mahapatro, A., Eds.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington DC.  2008, 977, 37-50. (pdf link)

Willham, Kaitlin A.; Laurent Boyd A.; Grayson, Scott M.  "The Synthesis of a pH-Independent Bifurcated Amphiphile."  Tetrahedron Lett. 2008, 49, 2091-2094.

Laurent, Boyd A.; Grayson, Scott M.  "An Efficient Route to Well-Defined Macrocyclic Polymers via “Click” Cyclization." J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 4238-4239. (pdf link)